Sharansky Recommends Equal Prayer

Plan will likely face Orthodox opposition and depends on enlarging the area of the Wall dedicated to prayer.

04/09/13
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Charged by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to come up with a Solomonic solution to the growing controversy over women’s prayer at Judaism’s holiest site, Natan Sharansky, the chair of the Jewish Agency for Israel, is prepared to recommend a bold plan to allow any and all Jews to pray at Jerusalem’s Western Wall.

After extensive private consultations and meetings here this week with high-level communal and religious leaders from the major streams, Sharansky told The Jewish Week in an exclusive interview that the talks “gave me great encouragement to go forward.”

Upon his return to Israel Sharansky will present his formal recommendation to Netanyahu; the proposal would then require approval and government funding. The plan likely will face opposition from some Orthodox groups who until now have had exclusive authority over prayer at the Wall, but Sharansky expressed hope it will prevail.

He has conducted dozens of private meetings here and in Israel since being appointed by Netanyahu last December to be, in effect, a one-man commission. His task: to resolve the thorny issue of prayer at the Wall, balancing human and religious rights in a political context.

The key to his plan, he explained, is “too see all of the Western Wall as one.” The proposal calls for renovating the southwest portion of the Wall, which had been the site of archaeological excavations since soon after the 1967 Six-Day War, and elevate it to equal prominence to the existing area where prayers are now held. (Sharansky pointed out that while the area was set aside for excavation there has been no activity at the site of late.)

That area, known as Robinson’s Arch, has been used for egalitarian prayer in recent years but is quite small. Its holiness as part of the Western Wall is not disputed, but currently access for prayer there is only available on a limited basis and subject to an entrance fee.

The renovation would, in effect, double the area of the Wall dedicated to prayer; one half, now the site of religious services, would remain as is, and continue to be used for traditional prayer. The other half, continuing south (or, facing the Wall, to the right), would be the same length and set aside for egalitarian prayer.

“One Western Wall for one Jewish people” with equal access to all, asserted Sharansky.

Leading up to his New York visit there had been concern that Reform leaders here, sensitive to the concerns of Anat Hoffman, director of Reform’s Israel Religious Action Center and head of Women of the Wall, the group that has sought full equality for praying at the Wall each month on Rosh Chodesh, might balk at not gaining the right to pray in the traditional prayer area of the Kotel.

But Rabbi Rick Jacobs, president of the Union for Reform Judaism, told The Jewish Week after meeting with Sharansky that while the plans “are not all we had hoped for, they represent a dramatic step towards a State of Israel that respects and protects the rights of non-Orthodox Jews.”

He noted that many details need to be worked out, “but in general I am hopeful that we are moving towards a solution that would affirm the unity of the Jewish people and the many authentic ways to practice Judaism.”

The fact that Netanyahu himself acted on this issue and appointed Sharansky, a widely respected hero for his years as an imprisoned Soviet Jewish refusenik, as his point man, indicates the importance given to the views of American Jews, most of whom are religiously liberal. There has been concern in Israel that increasing numbers of American Jews are feeling distant from the Jewish state, not only in terms of its inability to resolve the Palestinian conflict, but seeing themselves as second-class Jews, beholden to Orthodox control of marriage, divorce, conversion and prayer at the Wall. 

Sharansky emphasized that his plan “could seriously reduce tensions” and highlight “the Kotel’s unique role of unity rather than disrupting and dividing” the Jewish people. He noted that the proposal calls for 24-hour-a-day access to the Wall, a common entrance between the two prayer areas and would mark “the first time, and in the most visible place, there would be a choice between traditional and egalitarian prayer.”

While he expressed confidence that the proposal will be accepted and become policy, prompting an expensive and extensive renovation of the southwestern area of the Wall — estimated to take up to two years and cost a minimum of  $25 million — he acknowledged that there may be stumbling blocks ahead.

They include the antiquities authority, which oversees the archaeological aspects of the area, and the chief rabbi of the Wall, Shmuel Rabinovitz, as well as a wide range of haredi religious and political leaders, who have insisted on the status quo and oppose giving legitimacy to non-Orthodox practices at the Wall. And there is the critical question of what happens in the interim, during construction.

Will the monthly Women of the Wall Rosh Chodesh services continue to be a source of contention, and will its members be arrested during the extended construction period at the site, which has been a flashpoint for religious-oriented protest for many years?

Sharansky is hopeful that once his recommendations are accepted, an interim agreement can be worked out among the various players based on good will and the understanding that a permanent solution is in the works. But the longer the process takes, the greater the chance for disruption.

It is difficult to assess the impact of the recent Israeli election on this issue. On the one hand, the absence of haredi parties in the Israeli government increases the chances for approval of the Sharansky plan. On the other hand, haredi leaders have freer reign to express their disapproval, and could stage large protests, perhaps hoping the new government will fall and they can come back to a share of power.

Dov Lipman, an American-born Orthodox rabbi and new member of Knesset from Yair Lapid’s Yesh Atid party, was in New York this week. When told of the Sharansky proposal, he said he favored the concept of providing a place at the Kotel for everyone who wanted to pray there.

“I can pray where I want to pray and others can do the same,” he said, but noted that “extremists” in the Israeli Orthodox community “will fight this.”

Gary@jewishweek.org

 

 

 

Last Update:

04/12/2013 - 07:12

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In reviewing the URJ website, it is clear that, up until recently, the wearing of Kippot and Tallesim (forget about tefillin), was not only not done, but actively discouraged and even banned in many congregations. The more recent approach has been to allow people to wear it if they feel like wearing it. Hence, what is being done is not based upon Halacha(Jewish Law) but upon people choosing how they express their cultural identity. And it seems more women are interested in it than men. Would the Reform Movement have supported the Women of the Wall 30 years ago? Doubtful
It appears that the Women of the Wall are pushing a feminist agenda and not a Jewish agenda.

Rebuild Robinson arch, rebuild Temple Mount, access Temple Mount, rebuild Women's court on Temple Mount. Query, when Temple is rebuilt will women be allowed to perform sacrifices and other elements of Temple service? Do Muslims allow women into Aksa Mosque?

The next step will be GLBT demanding a place for their "community".
That would be on the Eastern wall in the Muslim Cemetary by Messiah gate.
Article leaves out Islamic Waqf control of Temple Mount were Aksa Mosque is directly above Robinson Arch.
Better solution is: Rebuild Robinson Arch and restore Women's Court on Temple Mount!

Please clear up the conflicting jargon. Is Sharansky
talking about
women davening by themselves, or mixed with men?
These are very different issues. In some Orthodox
communities, as where I live, we have a Women's Tefilah Group.
We omit certain prayers, such as; Kaddish, Kedushah, and Birkat
Kohanim... Also, the Mishtarah have the obligation to protect
those at the Kotel, in Beit Shemesh, or anywhere else, from
verbal/physical attack.

Why do some woman want to act like men? I am very happy being a woman and davening like a woman. We are held in very high esteem in our tradition and do not need talesim to remember to do mitzvot. Emulating men is not at all necessary! It appears that the Women of the Wall feel that they are inferior. We should each be proud of being a woman!

When the tradition honors the way *I* am a woman the same way they honor the way you are a woman, then we will have no argument. There are many ways to move through the world as a woman, and not all of them involve subservience to a man and becoming a baby factory. Equal validation by the Jewish tradition for the many shades of womanhood would go a long way in healing the rift that fuels the fire at the Kotel, and elsewhere in Jewish community.

I hope the solution is not that the space that is now the wall will not be for the orthodox men and Robinson's Arch for everyone else. That is too obviously a scam and will cost $25 million for the expansion of the site. Come on, we're not that stupid.

The first paragraph of the article is true- all Jews want to pray equally at the Western Wall.
Then reading further on, I personally find it offensive to say that the Women of the Wall and members of IRAC "might balk at not gaining the right to pray in the traditional prayer area of the Kotel." Although I am merely a woman and merely a member of both groups, and not the spokesperson, yes I AM BALKING. Just as it is US law, "separate is not equal" is law. Although my daughter and our family continued her Rosh Hodesh bat mitzvah, and the Torah service with equal kavanah at Robinson's Arch, with the great assistance of WOW, it was not 'at' the Kotel. Why should women, half the population, be denied this simple right? Where in sacred text is this written? I find this proposal, and the idea that Sharansky has offered a 'pretty good deal' quite offensive.

Surprise! US law is not relevant in Israel.
In fact there is no Constitution in Israel. Get over imposing US law in Israel.
The intent to overturn status quo is basically an overt insult to establish practices.
You are free to go to Vatican and run for Position of Female Pope, but your might be told that
Traditionally there is no NUN of the above eligible, notwithstanding that Jesus Baby Momma was a Jewess, from Bethlehem.
Speaking of which, why not go pray at Kever Rachel in Bet Lechem, where Hashem hears the prayers of women, through Rachel's merit, or the other Matriarchs Kevers?
Better yet, fight for Temple to be rebuilt, it had a designated women's section, or would that still. Not suffice unless High Priest were Female?

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