An Obesity Problem In The Orthodox Community?
04/25/12
Jewish Week Online Columnist
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It is beautiful how much emphasis there is on Shabbat and holiday celebration in American Orthodoxy. However, the celebration of the values of health and exercise are sorely lacking in the community. Parents often do not stress health and exercise for their children, and day schools fall short on creating rigorous health programs. Happily, religious celebration need not compromise our commitment to health.  

Obesity is a major problem in the United States, and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 36 percent of American adults are obese, and the problem is getting worse. As of 2010, every state had at least a 20 percent obesity rate, and twelve had a rate of 30 percent or higher. Even more alarming is that 17 percent of children ages 2-19 are obese, and physicians are now seeing type 2 diabetes (a disease with a normal onset age of 40) in this population. Although today about 7 percent of our population has diabetes (almost all with type 2), the CDC predicts that one in three children born in 2000 will develop diabetes during his or her lifetime—in large part due to obesity.

Although U.S. statistics do not record data based on religion, Israeli data confirm the high risk of obesity in the Orthodox community. The Israel Health Ministry has reported that the ultra-Orthodox (haredi) are seven times more likely to be obese than the rest of Israelis. The Ministry noted, "The haredi lifestyle focuses on the dinner table… At the same time, they don't engage in any physical exercise." Other factors included a lack of practical health education in haredi schools and the poverty of many within this community, which leads to consumption of cheaper, simple carbohydrate-based foods (such as potatoes, pasta, rice, and sugar) combined with high-fat meat, rather than more expensive complex carbohydrates and protein-rich foods.

There are many excuses people use to deny the seriousness of this problem, such as the claim that professional athletes are often “obese,” using current BMI charts. However, there are relatively few professional athletes among us, so in the overwhelming majority of cases, obesity is a critical risk factor for many diseases. Others do not think they are obese. Researchers at the University of Illinois found that 80 percent of individuals in the normal weight range correctly reported their weight as normal. However, an alarming 58 percent of overweight individuals incorrectly categorized themselves as of a normal weight. In the overweight category, only 10 percent accurately described their body size.

Judaism addresses this issue—the sages even joke about the correlation between religiosity and health. Reish Lakish was in great shape until he became pious and lost his athletic ability, missing his typical leap over the river. Further, the great sage Hillel explains that we must take care of our bodies, since we are created in the image of G-d (Leviticus Rabbah 34:3).

Rav Kook suggests that exercise is actually a mitzvah. We not only sustain our lives but prepare our bodies to serve.

We need a healthy body.  We have dealt much in soulfulness; we forgot the holiness of the body.  We neglected physical health and strength; we forgot that we have holy flesh no less than holy spirit…

Our return (teshuva) will succeed only if it will be—with all its splendid spirituality—also a physical return, which produces healthy blood, healthy flesh, mighty, solid bodies, a fiery spirit radiating over powerful muscles….

The exercise the Jewish youths in the Land of Israel engage in to strengthen their bodies, in order to be powerful children of the nation, enhances the spiritual prowess of the exalted righteous, who engage in mystical unifications of divine names, to increase the accentuation of divine light in the world. And neither revelation of light can stand without the other.

- Orot HaTechiya 33

In addition to the aforementioned neglect of exercise and over-consumption of meat and sugars, we should also be more concerned about the Jewish prohibition of achilah gasah (over-eating). By learning moderation, improving our diets, and taking care of our bodies, we not only fulfill the mitzvah of preserving our lives and caring for our loaned bodies created in the “image of G-d,” we also teach our children the importance of living a balanced, holy lifestyle.

Rabbi Shmuly Yanklowitz is the Founder & President of Uri L’Tzedek, the Director of Jewish Life & the Senior Jewish Educator at the UCLA Hillel and a 6th year doctoral candidate at Columbia University in Moral Psychology & Epistemology. Rav Shmuly’s book “Jewish Ethics & Social Justice: A Guide for the 21st Century” is now available on Amazon. In April 2012, Newsweek named Rav Shmuly one of the most influential rabbis in America.

Last Update:

04/17/2014 - 12:27

Comments

I am not Jewish but I noticed too that orthodox Jews in London are very overweight- oddly enough, men are more likely to be overweight than women!

Yes, there is a serious problem with obesity in our community. I think our own community is a part of the problem. Look at the foods we eat and the portions! It is now more challenging to eat a variety of vegetables since we now have additional rules for checking them.

The available kosher foods are unhealthy, a reflection of what people are willing to purchase. One trivial example is there is no fat free kosher hard cheese for me to use as a cooking ingredient. They do exist but there is no motivation for the mainline cheese companies to offer them.

Well, I have taken matters into my own hands. I have declared war on my body and the way we eat in our home, with the enthusiastic support from my husband. I joined a fitness club after exercising regularly in my basement, and am tracking my food online. I have ditched Eastern European cuisine in my home (brisket is the new Treyf – sorry people, but we have the family history and I won’t bother people with the sad stories about that). I have become a foodie and have studied to cook well but intelligently. We now eat mostly vegetarian, incorporating great recipes for Shabbat, Yom Tov and the weekdays.

I wish the food industry will come around to develop more healthful alternatives. There will be no change without the demand from the consumer. I would love to know whether I am a lone voice in the Orthodox wilderness or if others are coming around.

First of all meat is full of protein and nutrients like iron and magnesium and meat doesn't make you fat. Protein is what builds muscles, and it doesn't turn into fat. Unsaturated fats and refines sugars make you fat because if you do not burn the refine sugars right away they are automatically stored as fat. Lean meats like steak, chicken and turkey are excellent sources of nutrients for your body.
Carol

The problem is the overinsistence on eating by grandparents who have not forgot how they nearly starved to death in the Holocaust. All formerly poor, hungry elderly people have this problem.

You mention over consumption of meat and sugars as a cause of obesity. On this past passover, I ate meat three meals a day. I lost five pounds. (I ate almost not matzoh and nothing with sugar).

If you are truly concerned with obesity and health in the Orthodox community, I urge you to take a look at this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEH0OZVHmvQ&feature=related

I also urge you to take a look at Gary Taubes's book "How We Get Fat" or, if you're more motivated, "Good Calories, Bad Calories" (which is more difficult than How we get Fat).

Best to you,

Ari

Wonderful article! Let me just add that Rambam says much about the importance of exercise, and said that people should only eat until they are 3/4ths full.

If people limited eating meat to one day a week (as the Gemara recommends in one passage, Chulin 84a), and spent an hour walking in nature each day, engaging in hitbodedut or conversation with a friend or spouse, much of the obesity problem would probably evaporate.

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