In 1941 the Nazis destroyed the headquarters of the YIVO Yiddish research institute in Vilna, Lithuania, ransacking the library and archives. Some material was sent to Frankfurt, Germany, to serve as the basis for the Third Reich’s Institute for the Study of the Jewish Question, and some was hidden in Vilna.
For more than two months near the end of World War II, several blocks in the Jewish area on Budapest, on the Pest side of the Danube, became a site of death and suffering. Surrounded by barbed wire and a stonewall, Budapest’s Jewish ghetto became the home of some 200,000 Jews, who died there of disease and starvation, or were shipped to Auschwitz from a nearby train platform.
An early winter cold snap that struck much of the Middle East last week left most of Israel shivering. The snow across the length and breadth of the Jewish state closed schools and major roads, knocked down power lines, and sent Israelis scurrying for electric heaters and rarely needed cold weather clothing.
A group of 60 members of Central Synagogue in Manhattan, including the Reform congregation’s senior rabbi, Angela Buchdahl, and its assistant rabbi, Ari Lorge, visited Pantry Packers, a food packaging facility in Jerusalem, part of the Colel Chabad network of services for Israel’s poor and needy.